Stone Forms are integral features of a Zen garden. The shapes have symbols that depict the elements of wood, metal, water, fire and earth. These are focal points for a meditative retreat whether you are in the garden or inside a structure.

Photo credit: Flickr


Garden landscapers have the freedom to position the stones at their liking. In the picture above, we can see a “Tall Vertical” and a “Low Vertical” stone prominently leaning to each other. In Zen garden symbolism, Tall Vertical stones represent trees and wood, and Low Vertical stones is for metal.

Photo & article credit: Home Decor Ideas


Flat stones, especially with broad surfaces, have the likeness and symbolism of water in Zen garden. For wider perspective, some place it by itself to represent a lake.



Photo & article credit: The Best Choice Schools

Nature’s element of fire is well represented here with this arching formation. Sometimes we can see fire representation on branching stones too. In the photo above, “fire” stone is planted away from “water” stone for the obvious reason.

Photo Credit: Flickr

Last but not the least is the “earth” stone, which has the appearance of a reclining slab here. With it’s wide expanse, it is easy to imagine why earth element is a focus for relaxation and tranquility.

Thank you for reading.

How many Stone Forms do you have on your Zen Garden? Please let me know on the comment section.

*This blog post is my personal opinion only and contains affiliate/referral links.

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